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Military Health System

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Systematic Reviews

The Psychological Health Center of Excellence (PHCoE) produces systematic reviews that aim to identify and promote evidence-based psychological health practices in the Military Health System using well-established and rigorous methods:

  • The Cochrane approach to conducting systematic reviews
  • The GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach to evaluating the quality of evidence
  • Partnership with Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC)

Read more in frequently asked questions about our systematic reviews.


  • Prediction models for suicide attempts and deaths: A systematic review and simulation (peer-reviewed publication)
  • Present‐centered therapy (PCT) for post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults (full report)
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder treatment dropout among military and veteran populations: A systematic review and meta-analysis (peer-reviewed publication)
  • A systematic review evaluating screening instruments for gambling disorder finds lack of adequate evidence (peer-reviewed publication)
  • Advances in repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for posttraumatic stress disorder: A systematic review (peer-reviewed publication)
  • Gender differences in response to alcohol use disorder treatment (full report)  

In Progress Reports

  • Evidence map of professional peer-to-peer interventions (registered protocol)
  • Interventions for adults with co-morbid alcohol use and depressive disorders: a systematic review and network meta-analysis protocol (registered protocol)
  • Sleep management in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): a systematic review (registered protocol)
  • Adjustment Disorders: A systematic review on predictors and prognosis
  • Systematic review and meta-analysis of asynchronous post-discharge caring contacts in the prevention of suicidal behavior
  • Systematic review of peer support in the treatment of alcohol use disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder

Systematic Reviews of Psychological Health Research to Address Gaps in Practice (Southern California EPC – RAND Corporation)

An ongoing series of systematic reviews focused on improving the identification and implementation of evidence-based treatments and approaches for psychological health conditions often experienced by service members. In accordance with the 2016 National Defense Authorization Act the current effort aims to address variability in health care practices and outcomes to improve quality of care, patient safety, and patient satisfaction.

Evidence Syntheses of Key Complementary and Alternative Medicine Topic Areas (Southern California EPC – RAND Corporation)

A series of systematic reviews focused on determining the efficacy, comparative effectiveness and safety of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and integrative medicine (IM) approaches for psychological health conditions. The goal of this effort is to inform the VA/DOD clinical practice guidelines, as well as to address the recommendations from the Defense Health Board and Institute of Medicine to concentrate implementation efforts on evidence-based interventions.

Meditation-based Interventions

Needle Acupuncture Interventions


Last Updated: August 26, 2022
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